Posted in Open Source, PHP / Python, Ubuntu

How to install Magento in Ubuntu ?


Now it’s turn to install another eCommerceMagento‘ which is feature-rich eCommerce platform built on open-source technology. Magento is available in two editions: Community and Enterprise.

Installing and Configuring Apache

$ sudo apt-get install apache2

You may see following message during installation:

apache2: Could not reliably determine the server’s fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.1.1 for ServerName

To fix that problem, you need to edit the httpd.conf file. Open the terminal and type

$ sudo gedit /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

By default httpd.conf file will be blank. Now, simply add the following line to the file.

ServerName localhost

Save the file and exit from gEdit.

Finally restart the server.
$ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

* Restarting web server apache2
…. waiting             [ OK ]

sudo a2enmod rewrite

Installing PHP

sudo apt-get install php5 php5-curl php5-gd php5-mcrypt php5-mysql

Installing MySQL

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

To know more system requirements click on following link :

http://www.magentocommerce.com/system-requirements

Now create directory for magento

mkdir /home/magento
chgrp www-data /home/magento
mkdir -p /home/magento/{public,log}

Configuring Apache Virtual Host

Now we are going to create simple virtual host configuration file that will help Apache to display the data of directory /home/ubuntu/magento for any HTTP request to localhost.magento.com

Create “magento.com” file in this location “/etc/apache2/sites-available/” with following content.

<VirtualHost *:80>

ServerName localhost.magento.com
ServerAlias http://www.localhost.magento.com

DocumentRoot /home/ubuntu/magento/public

LogLevel warn
ErrorLog /home/ubuntu/magento/log/error.log
CustomLog /home/ubuntu/magento/log/access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Use a2ensite command and restart Apache to load the new configuration file.

sudo a2ensite magento.com
sudo service apache2 restart

To ensure that the domain localhost.magento.com resolves locally to the computer require entries to /etc/hosts file.

# For magento

127.0.0.1 localhost.magento.com
127.0.0.1 http://www.localhost.magento.com

Now hit localhost.magento.com in your browser to check working status after completion of above entries.

Now we will execute installation steps of main topic.

Type following command on prompt. It will ask for root user password.

mysql -u root -p

Now lets create database for Magento.

CREATE DATABASE magento;
INSERT INTO mysql.user (User,Host,Password) VALUES(‘magento’,’localhost’,PASSWORD(‘magento’));
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magento.* TO magento@localhost;

Now download latest stable Magento from
http://www.magentocommerce.com/download
and put zip file into /home/ubuntu/magento/public

If error: ERROR 1133 (42000): Can’t find any matching row in the user table
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

For testing Magento, you can download it from
http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/1.6.1.0/magento-sample-data-1.6.1.0.tar.gz

mv magento-sample-data-1.6.1.0/media/* media/
mv magento-sample-data-1.6.1.0/magento_sample_data_for_1.6.1.0.sql sample_data.sql

Now we have to insert sample data into database that we earlier created for Magento.

mysql -u magento -p
USE magento;
SOURCE sample_data.sql;

Now everything is setup so open your browser and type localhost.magento.com and follow installation steps. You will find following screen.

Here is your Magento is working.

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Author:

Specialised in OpenERP/CRM Solutions, software development, Web development, E commerce solutions & other open source solutions.

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